Periodontal Disease Treatment
Signs of Gum Disease
According to recent findings from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of Americans aged 30 or older have periodontitis, the more advanced form of periodontal disease. This equals approximately 64.7 million Americans. This is the major cause of tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the gums and the bone that support the teeth caused by harmful bacteria and their toxins either above or below the gum line. In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation. In the more serious form of periodontal disease called periodontitis, the gums pull away from the tooth and supporting gum tissues are destroyed. Bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or eventually fall out. In addition, the following may occur:
• Receding gums
• Chronic bad breath
• Gum inflammation
• swollen gums
• Bleeding gums
Studies have linked Periodontal Disease to Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Weakened Immune System, Pulmonary Infections, Premature Birth Low Weight babies and Smoking increases the chances of developing gum disease. This disease can be controlled with a proper treatment plan chosen by your dentist professional.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and Root Planing is part of initial therapy and is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. Root planning and scaling cleans between the gums and the teeth down to the roots. Your dentist or hygienist may need to use a local anesthetic to numb your gums and the roots of your teeth. Following scaling and root planning, an antibiotic or antimicrobial irrigation is often placed or used in the gum pockets. These medications promote fast and healthy healing in the pockets and help ease discomfort.
Periodontal Maintenance is a cleaning procedure performed 3-4 times per year to thoroughly clean the teeth. Maintenance is an important dental treatment for halting the progression of periodontal disease. Reasons to undergo this type of cleaning are for tartar removal, aesthetics and fresh breath.
Prophylaxis is a cleaning procedure performed twice a year to thoroughly clean the teeth. Prophylaxis is an important dental treatment for halting the progression of periodontal disease and gingivitis. Reasons to undergo this type of cleaning are for tartar removal, aesthetics and fresh breath.
If your condition is too advanced or there is no improvement after initial therapy, you will be advised to see a periodontist.
Most periodontist spend the majority of their time diagnosing and treating gum disease. Treatments to treat gum disease includes: nonsurgical and surgical therapies. Gum surgery is required when the depth of periodontal pockets remains over 4 mm after the initial treatments. Regular brushing and flossing cannot remove plaque and bacteria from deep inside these pockets making it difficult to maintain the health of the gums and teeth. Periodontal gum surgery treatments can eliminate or reduce periodontal pockets providing a better maintainable environment.
Periodontist can also perform a variety of procedures to treat gum recession and cover up exposed root surfaces which can be unsightly as well as sensitive to hot and cold. These procedures are often used to lay the foundation for additional cosmetic procedures to help create a beautiful smile. Periodontist can also place dental implants when natural teeth cannot be saved. They also monitor the implants to make sure that they’re properly doing their job. Finally, periodontists can be integral in the comprehensive planning of your oral care, along with your general dentist or other dental professional.